№3-2019

Maria Andrianchikowa

Resource potential of the agro-industrial complex of the Republic Belarus. P. 2–10

Summary: The article presents a comparative analysis of the main indicators of the productivity of production of the agro-industrial complex of the Gomel region of the Republic Belarus and the federal German state of Saxony-Anhalt. The article identifies the main problems hindering the sustainable development of the agro-industrial complex of the studied region. The article outlines the main ways to improve the economic and resource status of the agro-industrial complex based on the formation of a single platform for the interaction of all participants in the innovation process.

 

Iryna Lazarevich

Problems and ways of improving the mechanism of rendering product-specific support to agricultural producers of Belarus. P. 11–21

Summary: The article presents the results of research on the development of scientifically based approaches to improving the mechanism for applying product-specific support measures to producers of certain types of agricultural products, in particular subsidies (premiums) for products sold. The practice of applying this kind of support in Belarus is short-lived and requires a certain adjustment to improve the efficiency of the functioning of the agrarian sector. For example, under the terms of the WTO, it is necessary: expand the list of subsidized products in order to bring the de minimis limits into line; take into account when determining the amount of allowances for the next financial year, the actual amount of costs that have developed within the groups of organizations formed by the cadastral valuation of agricultural lands that have a positive profitability; to deduce normative values of profitability for bringing in parity conditions of functioning of agrarians with adjoining branches of economy; to introduce increasing coefficients when calculating the amounts of the paid extra charges for the results of activities for a particular type of product.

 

Svetlana Makrak

The level of material and monetary costs for seeds in the cultivation of corn: the current state and regional features. P. 22–31

Summary: The system analysis of effective use of material money on seeds at cultivation of corn grain in country regions including the reasonable indicators system of effective resources use, agricultural production adapted to concrete scale is carried out; significance values of effectiveness ratio of corn seeds use; the calculated actual levels of rational seeds use in a section of regions of the Republic of Belarus depending on the level of specialization of the region.

 

Boris Shundalov

Main trends of production and factors of decrease material consumption of cattle breeding products. P. 32–42

Summary: The main purpose of the article is to reveal the possibility of transferring the meat cattle breeding industry in the agricultural organizations of Belarus on a stable profitable basis. Annually for industrial processing (meat-processing plants) not less than 500 thousand tons of cattle which considerable part have low quality standards are delivered. The maintenance of animals in conditions of insufficient provision of livestock with feed and low quality of forage leads to a significant overspending of feed per unit of live weight of cattle and a significant increase in the material capacity of the increase in live weight of animals. In the structure of material consumption of products feed costs can reach up to 90%, which essentially largely determines the level of production cost of live weight gain. In turn, the value of the cost directly affects the level of profitability of the industry.

An in-depth study of the dynamic changes in the material intensity of production of cattle breeding in the APC "Agrokombinat "Snov" Nesvizh district revealed possible reserves of material cost savings. In this agricultural organization, unlike many other farms, the cultivation of meat livestock for the period 2015–2017 was steadily profitable industry. The experience of Agrokombinat "Snov" showed that the possibilities of positive development of meat cattle breeding in agricultural organizations of Belarus are not limited.

 

Uladzimir Buts, Lev Taptunov

Methodological aspects of the assessment of logistics costs in the regional agro-industrial complex. P. 43–47

Summary: The article reflects the results of the study of the methodological aspects of the quantitative assessment of logistics costs. An econometric model of the dependence of the total logistical costs of agricultural organizations on the natural volumes of material flows has been built.

 

Anna Aletdinova, Aleksandr Lenskiy, Yana Tsybina

Imitative modeling as a modern tool for forming a machine-tractor park. P. 48–54

Summary: In the article, the authors describe the simulation as a tool to increase the flexibility of the model for the formation of the machine and tractor fleet (MTP). There is a historical background on the evolution of the definition and application of imitation methods. The authors show the advantages of applying this approach to the formation of MTP in combination with traditional ones. There is a model for the verification of the production plan of the agricultural enterprise, taking into account the use of simulation modeling.

 

Yelena Gruzinskaya

The industry of alcoholic and alcohol-containing products in the conditions of the antimonopoly policy. P. 55–59

Summary: Questions of unfair mediation in the industry are considered. The restrictions of access to production and turnover of alcoholic, nonfood alcohol-containing products and nonfood ethyl alcohol which are subject to elimination are listed. Are given suggestion for improvement of both the interstate procedure, and the procedure regulated by the international treaty on EEU. It is offered to prolong the right of producers of low alcohol drinks to independently define the moment of the actual realization (transfer) of excise goods for decrease on them tax burden after 2018. It is recommended to include association of its participants for development of standards and rules of their activity in the system of regulation of the industry of alcoholic and alcohol-containing products, having given her with control functions.

 

Olga Pashkevich

Kibbutz as a form of labour, employment and livelihoods organization: the Israeli experience. P. 60–72

Summary: The main aspects of the development of kibbutzim as a form of organization of labor, employment and life activity in Israel are described in the article, their role in the development of a mixed rural economy of the country, the features of functioning from the standpoint of labor organization, the system of motivation and income distribution are determined, the factors of effective development are identified. It has been established that the creation of new jobs and the development of economic sectors through the implementation of the concept of multi-sector employment in kibbutzim and adaptation to market processes contributed to the growth of the rural population of the country.